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Breeding system and pollination of selected orchids of the genus Chloraea (Orchidaceae) from central Chile

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Autor Humana A.M.
Autor Cisternas M.A.
Autor Valdivia C.E.
Fecha Ingreso 2014-04-05T00:22:22Z
Fecha Disponible 2014-04-05T00:22:22Z
Fecha en Repositorio 2014-04-04
dc.identifier 10.1016/j.flora.2007.08.004
dc.description.abstract The breeding system determines different ways whereby seeds will be produced, and the degree of dependency of plants on pollinators for seed set. The genus Chloraea (Orchidaceae) has its main center of diversity in southern South America. There is only poor knowledge concerning its breeding system and pollination. We determined the breeding system of C. crispa, C. chrysantha, C. galeata, and two color forms of C. bletioides (yellow- and white-flowered forms). None of the species in this study produced fruits through apomixis or autogamy, thereby indicating a complete dependency on pollen and pollinators. Geitogamy did not differ significantly with respect to xenogamy excepting in the yellow-flowered form of C. bletioides. Thus, the indexes of self-incompatibility for the white- and yellow-flowered forms of C. bletioides, C. galeata, C. crispa, and C. chrysantha, were 1.00, 0.56, 0.82, 1.09, and 0.81, respectively; indicating that, excluding the yellow-flowered form of C. bletioides which must be regarded as partially self-incompatible, all orchids assessed are totally self-compatible plants. Natural fruiting in the yellow-flowered C. bletioides, C. chrysantha and C. galeata was high, in spite of being nectarless orchids, since the availability of pollinators under natural conditions seemingly resulted unlimited. However, no pollinator was observed visiting C. chrysantha and C. galeata, whereas the yellow-flowered form of C. bletioides was visited by hymenopterans and coleopterans. At contrast, reproductive success of the white-flowered form of C. bletioides and C. crispa was pollen limited, the former being visited by hymenopterans, dipterans, and colepterans; and the latter by two hymenopterans. © 2008 Elsevier GmbH. All rights reserved. en_US
dc.source Flora: Morphology, Distribution, Functional Ecology of Plants
Link Descarga dc.source.uri
Title dc.title Breeding system and pollination of selected orchids of the genus Chloraea (Orchidaceae) from central Chile en_US
Tipo dc.type Article
dc.description.keywords geitonogamy; monocotyledon; pollination; pollinator; reproductive strategy; self incompatibility; Chile; South America; Chloraea; Coleoptera; Diptera; Hymenoptera; Orchidaceae en_US

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