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Escape vents and trap selectivity in the fishery for the Juan Fernández rock lobster (Jasus frontalis), Chile

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Autor Arana P.M.
Autor Orellana J.C.
Autor De Caso A.
Fecha Ingreso 2014-04-05T00:16:46Z
Fecha Disponible 2014-04-05T00:16:46Z
Fecha en Repositorio 2014-04-04
dc.identifier 10.1016/j.fishres.2011.03.021
dc.description.abstract To develop ways to catch fewer undersized specimens of Jasus frontalis in the traps of the rock lobster fishery off the Juan Fernández Archipelago (Chile), we studied the use of lobster traps with different-sized escape vents (circular windows of 80, 85, or 90mm diameter). The traps used in the present fishery served as controls. Selection curves were fit to each of the vent sizes examined in the study. The method of alternating hauls was used for this purpose in a manner similar to that employed with trawl nets. We compared the size-frequency distributions obtained for each vent size with those determined for the control traps. We monitored 2437 traps and obtained a total catch of 13,444 specimens. Undersized individuals decreased in the catch as the diameter of the openings increased. The selection curves fit a logistic-type model adequately. A direct relationship was established between the vent size and the length corresponding of the first catch (L50). The CPUE for legal-sized rock lobster increased in traps having up to 85-mm vents, but this yield dropped in traps fitted with 90-mm vents. The CPUE for undersized rock lobster, however, was inversely proportional to the size of the vents. Unlike typical selectivity literature that relies on the L50, the objective of this study was to maximize the number of legal (≥98mm Lc) specimens retained in the traps while simultaneously minimizing the retention of undersized specimens. To achieve this, we used a model relating vent size to L50 and the slope of the selection ogives. The optimal diameter for vents in this fishery was determined to be 83mm. Furthermore, underwater recordings were used to register the escape behavior of the lobsters. These recordings contributed new data on the way in which the lobsters detect, confront, and escape through the vents. © 2011 Elsevier B.V. en_US
dc.source Fisheries Research
Link Descarga dc.source.uri
Title dc.title Escape vents and trap selectivity in the fishery for the Juan Fernández rock lobster (Jasus frontalis), Chile en_US
Tipo dc.type Review
dc.description.keywords Jasus frontalis; lobster en_US

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